Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP Therapy is part of a relatively new field of medicine known as “regenerative medicine” that includes the use of regenerative stem cells and focuses on employing the latest technologies along with the body’s natural ability to heal itself. Many professional athletes receive PRP treatment in order to heal faster and return to playing sports sooner. It is a non-surgical treatment that often eliminates the need for the surgery and offers quicker healing times. PRP has been showing promising results for many conditions such as plantar fasciitis, tendonitis, muscle, ligament and tendon strains, sprains and tears (Rotator Cuff, Patella, ACL etc), that have failed other conservative treatment.

What is PRP?

Our blood is made of red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), platelets (thrombocytes) and plasma. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can be described as a blood plasma with a high concentration of platelets that contains huge doses of bioactive proteins, such as growth factors, that are critical in the repair and regeneration of tissues. Platelet Rich Plasma is used in several different areas of medicine to enhance natural healing and the regenerative process by delivering increased concentrations of autologous platelets.

How is PRP made?

Preparation of Platelet Rich Plasma is a very simple procedure that can be safely performed in the office settings. PRP is made from a small sample of your own blood, typically about 50 ml. The blood is placed in a specialized centrifuge that spins and automatically separates the red blood cells from the plasma. The plasma portion is then further centrifuged to concentrate the autologous platelets and derived from platelets growth factors – bioactive proteins necessary to initiate tissue repair and regeneration at the injury site. Growth factors derived from platelets are responsible for angiogenesis (development of new blood vessels) soft tissue repair, bone regeneration, and stimulation of the wound healing process. Once centrifugation process is done, PRP serum is ready to be inject.

How does Platelet Rich Therapy Work?

Platelet Rich Plasma is used in several different areas of medicine to enhance natural healing and the regenerative process by delivering increased concentrations of autologous platelets and to treat pain arising from tendons, ligaments, muscles and joints. This treatment is designed to promote long term healing and provide pain relief. Patients who participate in a physical therapy following PRP injection are likely to see the most improvement to the affected area.

What condition can be treated with PRP?

Conditions that can be successfully treated with PRP are:

  • Lumbar spine disc pain
  • Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction and pain
  • Lumbar and cervical facet dysfunction and pain
  • Rotator cuff injuries, including partial-thickness
  • Shoulder pain and instability
  • Tennis and golfer’s elbow
  • Hamstring and hip strains
  • Knee sprains and instability
  • Patellofemoral syndrome and patellar tendonitis
  • Ankle sprains
  • Achilles tendonitis and plantar fasciitis
  • Knee, hip, and other joint osteoarthritis
  • Nerve entrapment syndromes, such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Platelet Rich Plasma can be effective for many cases of osteoarthritis by stimulating healing of cartilage and reducing pain and disability. This includes:

  • Knee arthritis
  • Hip joint arthritis
  • Shoulder arthritis
  • Ankle arthritis

What are the benefits of PRP therapy?

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a safe, effective, and advanced treatment option for joint pain, tendon injuries, and back problems. The advantages of PRP therapy compared to other conservative treatments or procedures include reduced downtime and improved outcomes. PRP uses the patient’s own blood platelets (thrombocytes) to jumpstart the body’s natural healing process, delivering optimum pain relief.

Some of the benefits of PRP therapy include:

  • Accelerated tissue regeneration
  • Reduced bleeding
  • Diminished pain levels
  • Reduced infection rates
  • Enhanced wound closure
  • Faster healing process

Top 3 benefits of Platelet Rich Plasma Injections:

Natural treatment: PRP treatment simply involves the small amount of patient’s own blood and processes it in a centrifuge to separate platelets from another blood components. The process of preparing PRP uses the body’s natural healing properties to regenerate and improve the condition or injury.

No risk of reaction: PRP is derived from your own blood, there is no chance of having an allergy or immune reaction. There is no risk of rejection, contamination with another person blood or infection.

Faster healing time: PRP treatment is a great option for patients with the chronic injury that never seems to go away and patient with an acute injury which take 8-12 weeks to heal. PRP is a great tool used to “speed up” the recovery process and help improve the body’s natural healing process.

How many PRP treatments will I need?

Depends on the condition being treated, the amount of injection needed varies. Most patients need 2-3 treatments, if they suffer from conditions such as arthritis or chronic tendinosis. Acute muscle injuries need as well 1 to 2 treatments. Another factor determining the amount of treatments is patient age. Our body have less regenerative cells as we age and this can affect the number of treatments received.

What can I expect during the PRP the procedure?

During your PRP therapy initial consultation, the physician will discuss the procedure, take a medical history, and conduct a medical examination. During the PRP therapy appointment, a medical assistant will draw your blood, and will process it in a special centrifuge to isolate the platelets. After the PRP solution is prepared, the treatment area will be cleansed with an antiseptic, and a local anesthetic will be used to numb the treatment area. For accuracy , the doctor will use an ultrasound machine and administer the PRP injection into the site of injury.

What can I expect after the PRP injections?

After the PRP treatment, there is a two-day recovery period. During recovery, it is normal to experience some discomfort and swelling at the injection site, which resolves on its own. Depending on the extent of injury and body part, patient will often feel the results of the PRP therapy after 2-8 weeks. Symptom relief and the healing process also continues for up to six months after the final treatment. A series of 2-3 PRP injections may be given for optimal results.

Is PRP safe ?

PRP is a safe treatment option with no risk of allergic reaction because it is your own blood.

While they are very rare, there a few risks associated with using needles: infection and bleeding being two of them.

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